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For Academic Papers Containing Software Copyrights/关于包含软著的学术论文

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发表于 2022-1-26 17:24:39 | 显示全部楼层 |阅读模式
In the process of computer software development (including website design and computing), our company can mainly apply three kinds of computer software on development: AicGis, Vensim and Netlogo. The main original content of R & D lies in the innovation of natural science theories and methods, without focusing on the innovation of computer software itself. Therefore, our company does not focus on IT industry. In this case, in our academic papers containing computer software application, we only need to use words and pictures to describe the software development process, without uploading software programs. Such software copyright (not allowed to open to the public) can still be reserved by the copyright owner for asset evaluation, intellectual property mortgage, equity shares increase and other purposes.

In addition, with regard to the re-use licensing of third-party intellectual property, for example, I use the licensing of intellectual property rights in international journals as the membership license of Auckland University Library, which only restricts the data sourcing from these international journals to any commercial use. In this case, if there are mathematical or physical models used in my article, I am allowed to use the structure of these models only and conduct the specific parameterizations according to the specific situation for commercial use, which are different from the original data in the international journals. However, even the structrure of these physical or mathematical models are still not allowed for any commercial use, without purchasing such membership license.

According to the policies of government at each level for high-tech enterprises, compared with invention patents, software copyrights registration can not only have equal usage, but also have lower cost and faster registration process. Therefore, the potential commercial value of software copyrights registration is great. No matter whether or not the high tech enterprise needs bank loans eventually, the high-tech enterprises that comply with the government's subsidized credit policy must be given higher market value. According to the policies of our Provincial Department of Science and Technology, software or patent rights only need to have application value on the enterprise's own business, and there is no requirement to earn incomings by selling / renting software or patent products. This must be the encouraging policy for scientific and technological innovation enterprises and talents. In fact, among the high-tech enterprises I have known, some R & D centers are the independent legal entities in a group. The R & D center itself is non-profit, but other affiliated enterprises in the group can make profits. The inventor of software copyright registration certificate must be given obvious advantages for high-tech enterprises engaged in the investment and appreciation of intangible assets or for professionals applying for jobs.

计算机软件开发(含网站设计制作)过程中,本公司主要能够应用AicGIS, Vensim, Netlogo 三种计算机软件开发。其中主要原创内容在于对自然科学的理论、方法的创新,不侧重于计算机开发软件自身的创新。因此本公司并非侧重于IT专业。在此情况下,我们对于计算机软件应用的论文、论著中,仅仅需要使用文字、图片描述开发的过程,不需要上传软件程序。这样的软件著作权(不允许向公众公开)可以仍然为著作权人自己保留,用于资产评估、知识产权抵押贷款、股权增资等用途。

另外,关于第三方知识产权的使用许可的问题,比如我所使用国际期刊中的知识产权许可是奥克兰大学图书馆会员许可,仅仅限制国际期刊中的数据不允许任何商业用途。这种情况下,对于一个物理或者是数学模型,我可以允许使用第三方模型的主体结构框架,并且根据具体情景,把模型参数变更为特定情景下使用的特定数据,不要与国际期刊中的数据雷同,就可以适用于商业用途。但是如果没有购买类似会员许可,那么这个物理或是数学模型的主体框架都不允许商业用途。

在各级政府对高科技企业的补贴政策中,软件著作权登记与发明专利相比,不仅可以有相等的用途,而且成本更低、注册时间更快。因此软著登记证的商业价值潜力是很大的。不管最终企业是否需要银行贷款,符合政府补贴信贷政策的高科技企业肯定市场价值更高。从本省科技厅政策中可以看到,软著或是专利权仅仅需要在企业自身业务中有应用价值就可以,没有要求通过出售、出租软件或专利产品的方式赚取多少收入。这一定是对科技创新企业和人才的鼓励政策。其实在我所接触过的高科技企业中,有些研发中心是一个集团中独立核算的法人单位,研发中心自身处于非营利性状态,但是集团内其它关联企业可以盈利。不管是高科技企业从事无形资产投资增值,还是专业技术人员求职,作为软件著作权登记证书的发明人一定是有明显优势的。

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